Good Nutrition

Energy

The energy value of food is measured as calories or kilojoules.

One calorie (cal) = 4.2 kilojoules (kJ). The energy value of meat depends mainly on the amount of fat it contains and on the cooking method used for example, frying with added oil will have a higher energy content.

To find out how beef and lamb compare with other foods see table below.

Energy value of some protein foods per 100g.

Food

Kilojoules

Calories

Salami
Cheese Cheddar, mild
Bacon, grilled
Chicken drumstick, with skin, roasted
Lamb, lean, cooked meat (average)
Beef, lean, cooked meat (average)
Lamb leg steak, grilled
Pork leg, lean, roasted
Beef rump steak, lean, grilled

2060
1786
1350
930
855
757
728
725
663

492
427
323
222
205
181
174
174
159

Reference: The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 8th edition, 2009, ISBN 978-0-9864540-1-1

Carbohydrates

Beef and lamb do not supply carbohydrates except for a small amount as glycogen in liver. Some varieties of meat have a small amount as added cereal for example, sausages.

Water

Lean meat contains 50% to 75% water.

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